Industrial, commercial, and institutional buildings can use up large amounts of water in different processes. Whether it is a restaurant using water for cooking and cleaning dishes, or an industrial factory piping in water to cool running machinery, water usage can grow on a daily basis. However, using up this natural resource can have detrimental impacts on the environment. In addition, water waste can occur that lowers operational efficiency while raising utility expenses.
In certain areas of the world, water recycling has become a growing consideration. Instead of pumping in fresh, clean water, a factory can reclaim water that was used in one process and use it again in a different area of operations. This type of wastewater reclamation is starting to become popular with smaller facilities who can implement the technology in an easier method.
Wastewater Reclamation: From Potable to Non-Potable
Most of us have heard of water recycling in the form of grey water. Grey water is where you reclaim water from showering or washing clothes and reuse it to water outdoor plants and for lawn irrigation. Normally, the wastewater must not contain any toxic materials or a high sodium content to be used in areas where people may be exposed to it or where the grey water can harm the ecosystem. Factories who need to use larger quantities of wastewater need to ensure that contaminants have been treated before wastewater is allowed to re-enter the environment.
Types of wastewater treatment can involve preliminary, primary and secondary treatment processes. Preliminary wastewater treatment involves removing grit and large debris through a screening process so that other treatment equipment does not become damaged. Primary treatment methods target any foreign matter that settles to the bottom or floats to the top. Then a secondary treatment method is used to get rid of all suspended matter, nutrients, and dissolved organic matter. There is a range of different equipment that can be used to treat wastewater for non-potable purposes. The type of treatment machinery to use will be based on the factory’s specific operations and how the wastewater will be used in work processes.
Wastewater Reclamation Working for Smaller Scale Factories
Many municipalities have considered wastewater reclamation efforts, yet find that they are restricted due to the present infrastructure of the city. Placing in lines to recycle wastewater would require digging up roadways and laying in new and upgraded water and sewer lines. Instead, facilities can make strong efforts toward wastewater reclamation and treatment. By placing in smaller treatment plants within their own facilities, they can better identify contaminants and use the appropriate technology that is needed to decontaminate the water for potable use.
With wastewater reclamation, a factory has the ability to have all the water they need for their operations to use, and reuse, on a daily basis. As more water demands from cities can impact the amount of water that is accessible to factory operations, using wastewater may be another viable option to consider for a variety of purposes such as construction activities, cooling processes for oil refineries, and water processing in mills.
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